Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS)
PRINCIPLE OF SUDS
SUDS or Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems are a sequence of water management practices and/or facilities designed to drain surface water in a manner that will duplicate the natural water cycle and can be physical structures built to receive surface water runoff. They are located as close as possible to where the rainwater falls and provide the options of infiltration and attenuation. Additionally they treat surface water using the natural processes of sedimentation, filtration, absorption and biological degradation.
Recent research shows that typically up to 80% of sediment, 60% of phosphorous and 80% of nitrogen can be removed from stormwater through porous paving, together with substantial levels of heavy metals and hydrocarbons. This natural treatment provides the ideal opportunity for rainwater conservation and re-use for a variety of non-potable applications e.g. toilet/urinal flushing, irrigation, laundry, process water, vehicle washing, refrigeration, coolant use, etc. It also creates a cleaner output to the sewer or recharging of the groundwater where rainwater harvesting isn’t used.
Such source control principles and techniques, also called Best Management Practices (BMPs) are already forming part of planning controls in some areas and will become increasingly incorporated within new development projects.
Current Guidance / Legislation on SUDs
- PPS 25 – Development and Flood Risk (Issued March 2010), PPS1, PPS3, PPS9 & PPS23
- Future Water – Government water strategy for England
- Code for Sustainable Homes
- CIRIA C753 – The SUDs Manual – Best Practice Guidance
- CIRIA C698 – Site handbook for the construction of SUDS
- Flood and Water Management Act 2010 – Management of flood risk by DEFRA
- Surface Water Management Plan – March 2010 giving guidance to Local Authorities
- National Standards for Sustainable Drainage – EA, LA’s & House Builders working together
- Pollution Prevention Guidliones No.3 – Controlling pollution at its source Withdrawn in Dec 2015 but still widely used.
- Local Agenda 21 – Sustainable Development
- Water Framework Directive – Adopted into UK law in 2003 & requires compliance to “good” status by 2015